2020: the worst year for culture in Spain
From：Taiwan Trade Center Barcelona
2020 has been the worst year for culture in Spain. The Contemporary Foundation has presented the Observatory of Culture for the previous year and it collects devastating data such as that the sector has lost 29% of its income in 2020 and expects to lose up to 35% in 2021. In addition, the report shows that only 32% of the professionals surveyed had recovered their normal volume of activity by the end of the year, while 8% still had none. In addition, the pandemic has destroyed employment in 60% of cultural organizations and capacity limitations are slowing down the sector's recovery.
In Spain, the most valued are in the first place the Prado Museum and the Reina Sofía Museum, followed by the San Sebastián Festival, the Royal Theater and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum . The list of the top ten is completed by Guggenheim Museum, PHotoEspaña, CaixaForum, Museum of Fine Arts of Bilbao and the Almagro Festival.
The study reveals that 81% of cultural spaces today have less public due to capacity limitations and 19% perceive a lower response from the public, while only 9% have fully recovered their audience. In 49% of the centers, they are still partially teleworking and 5% are still completely closed and without face-to-face activity.
Regarding employment, 37% still maintain part of the ERTE workforce, while 59% acknowledge having reduced their workforce as a result of the pandemic. 10% of freelancers report having lost their job themselves.
On average, the sector lost 29% of its budgeted revenue for the year in 2020. This drop is significantly higher in the private sector (35%) and independent professionals (38%) than in the public sector (22%). Only 14.9% of the private sector has managed to maintain its income, while for 45% the falls have been greater than 40%. On average, revenues are expected to decline again compared to 2020 reals by 7.7% (5.0% in the public sector, 9.3% in the private sector and 15.1% among independent professionals). With respect to the initial 2020 budget, this will mean a decrease in 2021 of 34.5% (26.2% in the public sector, 41.1% in the private sector and 46.9% for the independent).